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  • Thyroid is a gland that produces hormones to regulate the metabolic processes in our body. There is a number of procedures intended for analysing thyroid, for example, examination and palpation, instrumental interventions using different devices, thyroid ultrasound, X-Ray, CT (computed tomography), MRT, laryngoscopy, biopsy, and laboratory tests.

    Thyroid ultrasound is one of the most informative and accurate diagnostic methods to evaluate the presence and development of abnormalities. This procedure is considered to be absolutely safe. During this procedure, the patient is not exposed to x-ray or any other type of radiation. Endocrinologist studies the results of ultrasound diagnostics and prescribes the further treatment.

    The indication for thyroid ultrasound

    In most of cases, thyroid ultrasound is prescribed by endocrinologists. The doctor prescribes this examination when a patient presents the following symptoms:

    • Chronic fatigue;
    • Depression;
    • Overweight;
    • Digestive problems;
    • Simultaneous increase in appetite and decrease in body weight;
    • Swollen lymph nodes;
    • Irritability;
    • Difficulties while swallowing;
    • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck;
    • Hoarseness.

    Preparation for thyroid ultrasound and the procedure

    No special preparation is required for this type of examination. There is no additional preparation or special requirements for an ultrasound. The patient lies down on a special bed. The doctor applies a special gel on the frontal neck area to facilitate ultrasound probe efficiency. The next step for a doctor is to move the probe on a neck, a picture of the thyroid and surrounding tissues appear on the screen.

    How often do you need to undergo the thyroid ultrasound?

    It is recommended that an adult person undergoes ultrasound at least once per year under the condition that the patient has no health complaints and the one doesn’t live in the zones with the increased level of radiation or ecological danger. Children are recommended to undergo this examination once per year for preventive purposes. If there is an abnormality, the ultrasound should be performed as often as it is necessary for timely diagnostics and treatment control.

    Thyroid ultrasound helps to detect the following diseases:

    • Hypothyroidism – a decrease in the size of the gland;
    • Nodular goiter – one or numerous tissue concretions;
    • Diffuse-toxic goiter – enlargement of the thyroid gland;
    • Inflammatory process – edema;
    • Adenoma – a benign tumor;
    • Cyst – a cavity filled with liquid;
    • Oncology (cancer, metastases, etc.).

    Thyroid ultrasound for children

    The statistics all around the world shows that not only adults face problems with this organ. Children and adolescents are diagnosed with thyroid diseases, for this reason, it is necessary to perform preventive ultrasound once per year. Along with endocrine examination, this diagnostic variant may be found in a list of procedures, recommended to be performed before the child enters a kindergarten or school.

    Contact PARENS Clinic and schedule this procedure with an ultrasound professional. If necessary, after this type of ultrasound, our endocrinologist can consult you on all the questions you may have.